Every child needs a family. In the case of support of the children left without parents, priority belongs particularly to the family-based form of care.
So which forms of family care for children left without parents, are used nowadays?
It should be noted that it is not absolutely correct to use the term "forms of adoption". Adoption should be interpreted unambiguously; with such support of a child there is a legal establishment of kinship between the adopted child and the adoptive parents. The rights and obligations of the adopted child are the same as that of the native children. The adopted child is a legitimate heir to the property of his (her) parents.
Other forms of family accommodation of children are guardianship and trusteeship. Registration of guardianship is carried out without the solution of this case in court. Guardianship can be established over children under the age of 14 years, trusteeship - at the age from 14 to 18 years. Guardianship and trusteeship are carried out in compensatory and gratuitous forms.
Compensatory forms of guardianship or trusteeship involve signing a contract with adoptive or foster family.
In the case of guardianship (trusteeship) registration, citizens assigned as guardians are not entitled to dispose of the property that belongs to children under guardianship, but only to carry out its preservation.
All forms of care for children left without parental support are regulated by the relevant articles of the Russian Federation legislation.